Essure is a form of permanent birth control that does not require surgery. Flexible coils are inserted through the vagina and cervix. They are then implanted into the fallopian tubes. Over the course of a few months, tissue is allowed to grow around the coils, holding them in place and creating a blockage that prevents sperm from reaching a fertile egg. Because tissue growth will eventually secure the coils in place, the contraceptive is intended to be permanent. In most cases, once it has been established, doctors will discourage its removal.
Essure does not require any type of surgery. The procedure can be performed at the doctor's office and does not require heavy sedation. The coils are placed into the fallopian tubes and secured to allow tissue to begin growing around them. The doctors insert the coil into the vagina, up through the cervix and into the tubes. While there may be minor levels of discomfort, the procedure is relatively simple and does not require an extensive healing time. It is important to follow the doctor's instructions to ensure there are no adverse effects or that the coils do not become dislodged.
Essure is known to have various side effects. A few of the most commonly reported include abdominal pain, device migration, abnormal bleeding, and perforation of the uterus or fallopian tubes. Allergy and hypersensitivity were also shown to be a problem in a few women. Because of severe complications, a few of the devices were removed within a few weeks of being implanted. It is extremely important to follow up with the doctor and heed all of their directions when it comes to aftercare. Unlike other forms of birth control, Essure is designed to be permanent. Once it has been implanted, it can be extremely hard to remove. If it is surgically removed, the patient may experience abdominal pain and bleeding until the area has healed over.
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